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More traffic doesn't equal higher costs TOLL-1
Tuesday, 26 August 2014 16:25

Router salesRouter/switch $sales actually down. Anyone who says increased traffic is raising carrier costs is misinformed, as I and many other tech reporters have been saying for years. True, wireline traffic and customer counts continue to grow. Wireless traffic is up significantly in the last year. Yet the total dollars spent on service provider routers and switches actually declined in Q2 from last year. This is the largest category of equipment needed for increased broadband bandwidth. Other gear (DWDM, etc.) also came down in price. 

     Equipment costs have been falling as fast as traffic has been going up for at least the last decade. The net result has been the cost per month of a broadband customer has remained steady or slightly declined on any large network. That cost - less than $1/month - is about 2% or 3% of the price of the service.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 26 August 2014 21:49
Not so fast on G.fast
Friday, 22 August 2014 19:46

Not a gigabit; a demo, not a field trial; 2016 or later. The reality of G.fast is impressive, 200-600 megabits over short loops of perhaps 100 meters.  G.fast is the telcos' answer to 400 meg and faster DOCSIS. New York, Los Angeles and much of Europe are getting 300-400 megabit (shared) cable this year. Kabel Deutschland is optimistic on a gigabit (shared.) But the hype goes further.

At two extraordinary recent conferences I met nearly all the top engineers working on G.fast. Les Brown, Tom Starr and others from standards; Hubert Mariotte, Trevor Linney and more from the carriers; Chip guys (they are all guys) Dudi Baum, Rami Verbin, Debajyoti Pal, from Lantiq & Broadcom. Analysts Teresa Mastrangelo, Erik Keith, Richard Jones, Rupert Wood, Stephen Wilson. No one has anything ready to sell, which improved the conversation. 

Here's some basics they told me:


That's the only thing most people know about G.fast and most have it wrong. There are certain circumstances in which speed goes to a gigabit, so the ITU Standards Committee press release has some truth. Bands have to be notched out to avoid interference. Vectoring to cancel noise is required and difficult to implement at the speeds involved. It's not clear when, if ever, the full bandwidth will be put to use. 

    Swisscom has set expectations of 580 megabits at 100 meters and 280 megabits at 200 meters. Speed falls off very rapidly after that. G.fast is only 40 megabits at 400 meters, much slower than vectored VDSL at that distance. G.fast speeds are measured as combined upstream and downstream. Time domain multiplexing allows varying the ratio.

Last Updated on Saturday, 23 August 2014 23:43
For the record: Dave to FCC on wireless choices
Thursday, 21 August 2014 22:24

In the note below to John Leibowitz, I recommended a close look at MU MIMO to dramatically increase wireless capacity for rural areas. That's almost a cliche in advanced wireless circles and normally wouldn't be a story. But I make a practice of recording things I say to FCC officials in the spirit of the ex parte rules. Companies directly contacting the FCC are required to make a public filing of what they said, a good rule. As a reporter, I'm probably exempt from the requirements but try to write up what I said.

     At TPI Aspen, I recommended to any D.C. policy people who would listen they come to the October 2 Marconi Symposium and connect with some of the best engineers in the world. http://bit.ly/MarconiDC D.C. is a town of lawyers, economists and the like but very few engineers. That is one reason policy is so often misguided and I do what I can to bridge the gap. The policy crowd has remarkably few technical resources that don't have a company agenda. Liebowitz, a senior FCC wireless guy, said he'd be interested in talking to engineers. So I introduced him to Stanford Professors Paulraj and Cioffi, both of whom had told me they'd like to connect while in D.C. Paulraj is  the inventor of MIMO and this year's Marconi Fellow. John Cioffi won a Marconi for his work on DSL. 

     Almost all the people at the FCC and other agencies read their own email and actually want to hear from you if you're well-informed.

Last Updated on Monday, 25 August 2014 01:18
New York, Los Angeles Getting 400 Meg Cable
Saturday, 16 August 2014 09:37

300-400 Meg (shared) now standard off the shelf. I've heard from an engineer that the gear for New York is being installed and tested. They've been losing customers to both Verizon FiOS and AT&T U-Verse in LA, Time Warner Cable  is upgrading download speeds. My 15 down, 1 up service ($63/month) is set to go to 50/5 for the same price.

Going from 160 shared to 300-400 shared in DOCSIS 3.0 is only a software change on most equipment. Extra backhaul costs are minimal. Now that the analog switch-off has freed spectrum channels, expect that change almost everywhere. Giant Liberty Global is upgrading across Europe and offering 200-250 meg service routinely.

Time Warner has also committed to a gigabit (shared) in 2016, per this strong LAT article by Paresh Dave http://lat.ms/1rEQZrY.  No one except the engineers believed John Chapman of Cisco in 2004 when he promised the gigabit in DOCSIS 3.0 but now equipment is starting to ship. Last year, TWC also offered a gig in 2016 to North Carolina.

Last Updated on Saturday, 16 August 2014 09:45
5M U-Verse Homes on Hold
Thursday, 14 August 2014 22:06

Biggest current U.S. broadband build virtually stopped  I haven't confirmed Paul de Sa's suggestion that the AT&T/DIRECTV deal is a cause. 

"Prior to the DTV deal, Project VIP (announced November 12, 2012) planned to expand AT&T's U-verse video footprint from 24.5m customer locations as of 4Q12 to 32.9m by 4Q15.6 At the end of 1Q14, we estimate the project was ~45% complete, with ~28.2m locations offered U-verse video." 

    I have double confirmation that the AT&T neighborhood DSLAM (FTTN build) is barely moving forward. I've asked AT&T if they'd release the actual deployment figures for the last three quarters to get a precise measure of what's going on. 

Last Updated on Friday, 15 August 2014 14:38
Verizon ends unlimited service
Friday, 25 July 2014 18:35

Verizon until now hasn't imposed caps on some of their older customers, knowing many would leave if they did. Customers hate caps and limits are not required most places most of the time. They've changed that now, with what could be very modest restrictions that would have little impact on customers. There's not immoral - or neutrality breaking - about modest limits honestly related to actual congestion and costs.

    Fortunately, technology is improving so fast that today networks can be built for reasonable cost with truly minimal congestion. That should continue well into the 5G future and next decade despite steadily rising traffic. Very few traffic limits limits are necessary for network purposes today. The caps are for raising prices by collecting more from heavy users, not avoiding congestion.

    Verizon's actual proposal should be rejected by the FCC because it actually doesn't disclose what they are doing. How often would I be throttled? How much slower would I go? In nearly 4,000 words, Verizon doesn't answer those basic questions. Comcast's similar plan in times of congestion reduces some customer up to 30% but no more. 12 meg would fall to 7 meg when one of their engineers described it a while back. The fall would only be for 15 minutes and very rarely even several hours/month. That's so unobtrusive I don't think anyone has even noticed it in practice. I certainly would accept it, especially because the minimum speed on most Comcast networks has gone up.

    Nowhere in the 3,779 word document below does Verizon tell you how much your speed would be reduced or how often. 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 05 August 2014 00:04
Triductor, the New Chinese VDSL & G.hn Chipmaker
Tuesday, 15 July 2014 21:51

Yaolong Tan "Our chips are 8% faster than Broadcom's" Yaolong Tan earned his doctorate at UCLA’s Henry Samueli School of Engineering in 2000. He worked in Silicon Valley for years, and now is back in China. He's CEO of Triductor, founded in 2006. He is shipping VDSL2 vectored cpe chips to Chinese manufacturers who in turn are distributing the boxes worldwide.

Tan received his UCLA degree directly from Henry Samueli. He has enormous respect for Broadcom. But he's not afraid to take on Broadcom's chips. China is deeply committed to replacing imported chips with Chinese designs. Tan said,"The technology of this chip used to be monopolized by America, so our country had to spend tens of millions of dollars importing from overseas. What my team and I want to do is realize the localization of this chip in the new developing wave of semi-conductor industry, to equip Chinese people with their own high-speed video networks."

Triductor, like HiSilicon, has also announced a G.hn chip. While G.fast is getting the publicity, thanks to an effective campaign by the ITU, it's two years or more away. G.hn, a much simpler system, is already being used to extend "fiber to the basement" to apartments at hundreds of megabits. China Telecom & Unicom, the monopoly landline providers, are fiercely resisting government demands they upgrade something like 100 million apartments from DSL to fiber. Fiber to the basement + G.hn might be an attractive alternative.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 16 July 2014 12:57
Comcast-Time Warner:$10 for poor families, 50 megabits for most
Saturday, 23 August 2014 23:49

David Cohen

David Cohen announced at TPI Aspen most of the subscribers in both Comcast and Time Warner will soon have 50 megabit service. Poor families will be able to get broadband for $10/month in New York, Los Angeles and other Time Warner territories. Other groups in need may be covered. (I suggest Medicaid recipients and less affluent senior citizens.)

I applauded when Cohen said, "Comcast strongly supports net neutrality" some issues remain with their practice. I was sitting at a table with senior AT&T & Verizon execs who looked glum. Net Neutrality will sidetrack the Bells' effort to get their "New Telecom Act" through Congress, Congressman Rick Boucher predicted. "Unless Net Neutrality is compromised, the bill won't go through in the next two years." Any support for neutrality makes it harder for the Bells to get their bill.

Comcast's $10 offer for the poor has connected more people to the net than $billion of mostly wasted government money. The program's not perfect, but Comcast has consistently simplified procedures and eliminated red tape. It's tragic that JG allowed the other cable companies to renege on their commitment to do similar made to the broadband planners. The Bells have done nothing for the poor. They've now have some of the highest prices in the developed world. The cheapest offering on Verizon's FiOS website is about $75 including fees; it was about half that a few years ago.

CEO Brian Roberts and EVP David Cohen strike me as decent men who want to do the right thing, especially for the poor. Ivan Seidenberg of Verizon likewise demonstrated good faith in his dealings and was very proud he delivered two of the best networks in the world, FiOS fiber and the first really big LTE network. They are hard driving and very effective businessman who undoubtedly have charged over many on the way to great riches. Almost no one gets to their level without making choices that put their company's interests before consumers. Of course they know they get pr value from moves like these, but they at least get done. As we say in Yiddish, most top executives I've met would rather be mensches than gonifs.

Not all succeed.

Last Updated on Monday, 25 August 2014 00:04
Q2 U.S.: Comcast strong. AT&T and other telcos weak
Friday, 22 August 2014 15:02

DSL getting killed where not upgraded. AT&T lost 55K broadband customers. They want to abandon about 25% of their landline territory and go wireless only. The areas are profitable but rural wireless customers are extraordinarily profitable once the network is built. So they want to eliminate competition even from their own landlines. They stopped maintaining those lines years ago and many have 1999 technology 6 megabit DSLAMs. AT&T and Verizon are best thought of as companies with two parts. The upgraded areas, FiOS and U-Verse, are doing fine against cable. They are getting clobbered where they haven't upgraded but allow that. They want to shut off most of those lines. Century/Qwest lost 2,000 customers and Windstream 17,000. 

     Comcast added 203K subscribers to 21,271,000. Some received the $10 rate for poor families but I believe most at paying full rate. But Cablevision and Cable One actually lost customers. Telcos can compete just fine against cable; in Canada at Britain, telco DSL is beating cable. http://bit.ly/1t89qXa 

     Revisiting the debate on fiber versus DSL. AT&T lost 55K, Verizon added 46K. There have been several recent quarters where Verizon FiOS fiber home did noticeably better against the competition than AT&T's fiber/DSL. Verizon offered 25 and 50 megabits upstream, while DOCSIS is stuck at 1-5 megabits up. Fiber remains a magic word, with connotations of modernity and reliability. The glamour of Google's well-publicized gigabit fiber may be helping the (not so fast) Verizon variety. Different marketing and pricing strategies could explain the (relatively modest) difference in results. 

Last Updated on Monday, 25 August 2014 00:06
Point-Topic: Egypt Growing 17%, China 8% and much more
Thursday, 21 August 2014 18:50

40 free research summaries worth examining. Point-Topic's broadband data are the best available. They've been at it more than a decade and constantly refining their methods. Their service is professionally but fairly priced. I assume nearly all the companies in the business subscribe. Point-Topic always have been generous releasing free data as well and just made 40 country summaries available. http://bit.ly/PTbroadband A wealth of data.

   I commend the data to all those in the U.S. government who are spending $millions to create an Internet Governance framework that excludes China and Russia. China began this year with  189M broadband subscribers, twice America's 95M. The gap is getting wider. Russia is growing at 13% to 23M. China's growth was 8%, which is far down from previous years. 3G and now 4G will limit landline growth in China. The U.S. is at 4%. The fastest growth is from developing countries. Egypt grew 17% in 2013 despite economic chaos. 

Last Updated on Sunday, 24 August 2014 22:14
50 MHz of Spectrum Creates 500 megabit DSL
Friday, 15 August 2014 13:22

Today's 100 megabit DSL combined with today's gigabit WiFi, driving to a gigabit. 50 MHz of newly available spectrum may be diverted from sharing to private use, particularly LTE small cells the Bells probably won't build anyway. I'm headed to Colorado for the TPI conference where the 3.5 GHz spectrum will be a hot topic. I wrote this quickly because I wanted a dramatic example of what could be done with that 50 MHz.

How DSL + WiFi can get to hundreds of megabits and more. Nobody believes John Cioffi (yet) but it's easy to understand why it will work. Vectored DSL is delivering 50-100 megabits reliably in Europe. ~40M lines are on order at Deutsche Telekom and others. Vectoring is ready although not all the problems are solved.

Because DSL isn't shared, that means six apartments or nearby homes receive a total of 600 megabits (at 100 megabits/home.) Most places, 99% of the time the total demand will be less than 200 megabits. The result: 400-500 megabits will usually be available to share with neighbors. With WiFi now going into the gigabits (links), that can be shared between 5 - or 25 - families.

Last Updated on Saturday, 16 August 2014 09:51
How to lie with statistics, part 243
Thursday, 14 August 2014 18:52

Any conclusion you want. In France in the first quarter, 3 of the 4 DSL providers grew faster than cable. But if I look at the prior twelve months, cable beat 3 out of 4 DSL companies. Without lying, I could say either DSL is beating cable or cable is beating DSL. I just have to choose which period to use.  In fact, the data is too sparse to firmly support any conclusion.

     9 out of 10 “studies” about telecom policy are similarly weak and prove nothing. Or, as Teresa Mastangelo promises clients, “I can guarantee my report finds you #1.” As she explained to me, she simply looks carefully at the data until she finds some way to slice it to come to that conclusion.

   The classic example in broadband was when Copper Mountain reached a market cap of $1.5B on sales of $120M/year and losses every quarter. Brilliant pr woman Molly Miller invented a new category of “business DSLAMs” in which they were #1. Actually, they were far behind DSLAM makers like Alcatel and went broke a few years later.

Last Updated on Saturday, 16 August 2014 11:43
Deutsche Telekom Installing Millions of Vectored Ports
Wednesday, 16 July 2014 17:44

Still not turned on and not all 100 megabits. Deutsche Telekom has promised 24M lines of vectored DSL at 100 megabits in three years. They are taking delivery on several million ports, many from Adtran. Adtran had a surprising increase in DSL sales this quarter, with profits also up. Adtran's financial call also announced a Tier 1 customer is cutting sales. That's AT&T, which I've separately reported has nearly frozen U-Verse builds to influence D.C. on the DirecTV merger.

   German regulator Matthias Kurth told me five years ago that DT had no choice but to upgrade where they face cable, but they've been delaying in hopes of persuading the government to cripple their competition. Deutsche Telekom loses 89K subscribers because they delayed VDSL upgrades. Cable offers twice the speed for the same price as DT and covers 2/3rds of Germany. They finally blocked most unbundling in 2013 and began the build of fiber/DSL hybrids. CEO Tim Hottges,"The fiber is the answer on what we are doing," but of course he means fiber/DSL. 

   German regulator Jochen Homann and EU Commissioner Nellie Kroes are doing what politicians do, claiming their policy of raising prices created the build when everyone in the industry knew DT would do it anyway. 

Last Updated on Wednesday, 16 July 2014 17:58
Huawei/HiSilicon Coming on Fast
Tuesday, 15 July 2014 12:21

Producing a vectored VDSL chip. Like Henry Ford steel & timber mills, Huawei seems to be following the path to "vertical integration." Their latest DSLAM board features vectored VDSL chips from their HiSilicon subsidiary. There is no announcement and I haven't been able to find any article about the chips in either English or (Google-translated) Chinese but I have multiple sources within the industry. HiSilicon also has a G.hn chip close to market.

    Huawei is the chosen supplier for vectoring to Telecom Italia & Fastweb/Swisscom and bids on nearly all other large contracts. The Italian deployment is struggling, however. TI & Fastweb agreed to link their vectored DSLAMs and unbundle local loops. Huawei promised they would be able to have separate terminals, possibly 50 meters apart, but still vector the local loops. As far as I can determine, they haven't delivered yet and the companies are scrambling.

    HiSilicon did $1.3B in chip sales in 2013. Growth is well into double digits although 90% of chips still go to the parent company. Digitimes believes HiSilicon, like Samsung, is actively looking for outside customers. R & D budget is well into the $hundreds of millions. HiSilicon chips are in Hewlett-Packard terminals. They have an 8 core cell phone application processor (ARM Big-Little) that is among the leaders. They are among the first with 300 megabit CAT 6 LTE, possibly beating Qualcomm to market. These are fabricated at 28 nanometers and soon below. TSMC, with massive orders from Apple, is essentially sold out at advanced nodes for the rest of the year. HiSilicon will probably be capacity-constrained.

    TSMC 16nm FinFET chips will be TSMC's best in 2015 and HiSilicon is the first vendor to commit.    

Last Updated on Thursday, 14 August 2014 15:32
AT&T or someone orders half million fiber homes
Saturday, 23 August 2014 19:25

Jorge Mas CanosaMasTec gets $250M contract for 2015, 2016. "We were awarded a contract for approximately a quarter of a billion dollars of 1-gigabit fiber deployment work," CEO Jose Mas announced. Fiber opportunities "are much greater than people quite understand. I think we are in for an incredible cycle in that business" http://bit.ly/1p3ic4t He added "Every time you pick a publication in the telecommunications sector, it’s got a carrier talking about building out 1-gigabit capabilities and what you are seeing is, you’re seeing multiple markets today where you have multiple carriers building in the same markets.... We’re going to be working 1-gigabit work for multiple customers over the next couple of years.

     That this probably is AT&T is my conclusion. Mas carefully provided no information on who the customer was, despite being pressed by investment analysts.

Last Updated on Sunday, 24 August 2014 22:18
Current Edge Tolls Actually Small
Friday, 22 August 2014 14:17

They could gouge if the precedent is set. I've called the current prices that the carriers are demanding from the video people "a hill of beans," that wouldn't be worth fighting over if they weren't likely to go up. Respected streaming media analyst Dan Rayburn pointed me to this comment from Chris Libertelli of Netflix confirming what I knew from off the record sources.  

“It’s fair to say that the interconnection fees that are being charged here are — and I think our CFO said this at the same conference that Jim alluded too — not as big for example as our content costs, so the price differentiation you’re referring too is likely to be so small that the costs of it would outweigh the benefits because the differences in price wouldn’t be so huge and customer affecting.”  http://bit.ly/1zdFUBg

    Rayburn I think goes too far suggesting that means edge tolls/sender pays are OK. We all know Ed Whitacre said "They are not going to use my pipes without paying."

Last Updated on Sunday, 24 August 2014 23:32
3.5 GHz Spectrum: Bells want it but WiFi clearly a better choice
Sunday, 17 August 2014 19:33

China Mobile giving up after $3B, 4.3M small cells. 100 MHz of spectrum - enough to build 3 networks the size of Verizon - will become available in much of the U.S. The military has agreed to share the 3550-3650 MHz spectrum in much of the U.S. They primarily use the frequencies on the coasts so they don't need the MHz. The high frequencies have a short range so can't be used from towers but are great for WiFi and other small cells.

     Bill Smith, now of AT&T, taught me "The sooner the bit gets to a landline, the less it costs us." Every plan for the urban wireless future is based on WiFi, small cells or short range high frequency transmitters. You can usually have 10-30 small cells in the space covered by a tower, each reusing the same spectrum. The most efficient method turns out to be public WiFi rather than monopoly use, which is becoming obsolete.

Last Updated on Saturday, 16 August 2014 11:42
"This argument is utterly farcical."
Friday, 15 August 2014 09:36

Straight talk in a DC world of obfuscation. The automakers want to restrict users of WiFi despite having 75 MHz of monopoly spectrum of their own. That's enough to build two Verizon sized networks, far more than makes sense to monopolize in 2014. TIA, the manufacturers' group, is right to call it farcical. http://bit.ly/Autofarce  The car guys want to hobble the WiFi band near the spectrum they control above 5850 MHz. I'm tempted to petition the FCC to return 40 MHz of the auto spectrum to the public domain. 35 MHz is plenty for even safety-related car communication.

     Denise Coffey and Dileep Srihari of TIA were blunt, "The Automakers state that the FCC must protect the 'reasonable interests and expectations of its operators' – with which TIA, of course, concurs. However, what the automakers assert to be their “reasonable” expectations is entirely unreasonable, bordering on unbelievable."

     In five or ten years more people will understand that we already have too much monopoly spectrum. WiFi provides enormous benefits with much more to come.  Soon, adding WiFi to today's 100 megabit vectored DSL would allow nundreds of megabits to most homes without needing expensive construction. (The tech works although the business side needs to be developed.) Requiring car makers to add 50 cents or so of parts to make their radios work right is a very small price for major public benefits.

    'Use it or share it" - Mike Calabrese's compelling slogan, is the way to go on all spectrum.


Last Updated on Friday, 15 August 2014 10:10
DSL beating cable yet again
Wednesday, 13 August 2014 19:12

Winning in Canada and England.  DSL upgraded since 2005 goes 25-50 megabits (VDSL2) and competes well with cable. 1998 ADSL (3-6 megabits) gets clobbered by cable. The dismal results from areas with obsolete equipment, especially in the U.S., have convinced many that the race is over. It's a different story where the DSLAMs aren't 10 years out of date.

    British Telecom "added 104,000 retail broadband customers." Cable competitor Virgin Media actually lost 300 subscribers. Bell Canada added 18K and Telus 15K. Rogers and Shaw cable added only 14K, combined. In a recent quarter, AT&T actually beat cable in U-Verse homes, about 60% of their network.

Last Updated on Thursday, 14 August 2014 14:58
Berlin, Paris, Palo Alto, Brooklyn Gigabits everywhere
Wednesday, 16 July 2014 17:25

As I travel, world class engineers are telling me what's coming is almost ubelievable. Palo Alto 6 February �Wireless capacity will go up 50 times in the next 5-10 years,� Stanford Professor Andrea Goldsmith predicted at a Marconi webinar. Her Stanford colleague A.J. Paulraj and Broadcom�s brilliant Henry Samueli thought 50X reasonable. Both have won the Marconi Prize, the "Nobel Prize" of communications.

Berlin. 8 April 2014 G.fast came out for the first time at the Informa Fixed Access Summit.  Deutsche Telekom, British Telecom and France Telecom all described active programs and an intent to deploy. European and American telcos want the hundreds of megabits from G.fast to match cable speeds going to a gig. I�ve been skeptical: the cost is nearly as high as fiber all the way home, it will take until 2016 or 2017 to get the kinks out and the coverage is more like 100 meters than 500.

Brooklyn, 30 April Ted Rappaport�s NYU 5G Summit had an amazing group of speakers. AT&T #2, John Stankey, keynoted and is damned serious about moving to 5G before the end of the decade. CTO Seizo Onoe of giant NTT Docomo was also there and soon after the event announced plans for 5G in 2018 with Ericsson, Samsung, Alcatel & Huawei. (3 of which sent CTO level speakers to Brooklyn, flying from around the world.) The enormous support for Ted and his NYU Brooklyn Institute has made him �The Prince of the 5G World.�Rappaport is concentrating on 28 GHz, a top down build which needs access points on nearly every crowded urban block. Others raised the possibility of WiFi �bottoms-up� to deliver similar capacity. The debate is raging, with FON, Free in France and probably the U.S. cablecos on the �bottom-ups� side.

Paris May 20-22 2014 A dozen of the absolute top engineers developing G.fast came together at the outstanding Upperside G.fast Summit. Les Brown provided an in-depth overview of the 300! page standard. CTOs and their peers from Sckipio, Broadcom, Ikanos, Lantiq and more spent three days trying to resolve the details. Top folks from BT, FT, Alcatel & Adtran joined in. Sckipio promises full standard chips in 2014. Broadcom�s customers are being told they will have something in 2014, probably far less than the standard. Some folks thought deployments were possible in 2016. Others thought later. (Deutsche Telecom�s CTO has said trials in 2014. He misspoke.)

Paris May 21 At that same G.fast event, John Cioffi introduced his remarkable plan to get to a gigabit using 100 meg vectored DSLs and gigabit WiFi. It sounds impossible but it definitely could work. In my apartment I see 20-25 WiFis. There�s no technical reason we couldn�t all share bandwidth; WiFi is already at 1.3 gigabits and going higher. Even if 25 homes were watching 2 HD TV and surfing, there�s over a gigabit unused that could be shared. Check http://bit.ly/GIGADSL   

Forbes: India has more net users than the United States
Sunday, 13 July 2014 20:59

Their 243 million Internet connection estimate is high but the result is inevitable soon. I wouldn't count 2G smartphones with minimal data allowances who rarely if ever connect to the net, so my figure would be lower. However Indian 3G & 4G connections will soon pass the 315 million population of the U.S.. Fewer than 20M of these connections are fixed, mostly DSL. With fewer than 40M landlines in place, the Indian future is inevitably mobile.

    Newly elected Prime Minister Narendra Modi talks about the "broadband highway" and has promised almost $10B over five years for broadband, smart cities, wireless in Naxalite territory and more. Much of that money will be needed to prop up ailing government carriers BSNL & MTNL. There's an ongoing project to connect 250,000 villages that's two years behind schedule. Completion is now set for 2017, but the local loop is not included. 69% of Indians - 700M - still live in villages.

   New Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad is promising to meet the revised schedule. He may be the right man to overcome the inertia and corruption that has plagued so many Indian projects. Prasad prosecuted a corrupt Governor of Bihar state and put him in jail. 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 15 July 2014 23:46
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